or slightly smaller. After taking the lift, visitors enjoy magnificent views into the inner dome and the main stone dome which they encircle 2.5 times. The viewing platform at 67 Metres (220 feet) offers unique views over Dresden and its surroundings. There are many free information materials (including ones designed for children) to get here and guided tours are also offered free of charge. It was made by the British silversmith company Grant Macdonald of which the main craftsman on the project was Alan Smith whose father was one of the bomber pilots responsible for the destruction of the church. In 1966, the remnants were officially declared a "memorial against war", and state-controlled commemorations were held there on the anniversaries of the destruction of Dresden. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. The project gathered momentum. https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo/interior-view-of-the-frauenkirche.html In 1849, the church was at the heart of the revolutionary disturbances known as the May Uprising. Architecture The heap of ruins was conserved as a war memorial within the inner city of Dresden, as a direct counterpart to the ruins of Coventry Cathedral, which was destroyed by German bombing in 1940 and also serves as a war memorial in England. (previous page) 00 8293 Dresden - Frauenkirche (Altar).jpg 1,333 × 2,000; 3.27 MB. Image of christianity, famous, culture - 168736829 An earlier church building was Catholic until it became Protestant during the Reformation. The director of the choir is known as the Kreuzkantor. It was not until long after reunification, namely in 2005, that the Protestant Church in the centre of Dresden was rebuilt. On 13 February 1945, Anglo-American allied forces began the bombing of Dresden in World War II. Over the years, thousands of watches containing tiny fragments of Church of Our Lady stone were sold, as were specially printed medals. The Frauenkirche was the seat of an archpriest in the Meissen Diocese until the Reformation, when it became a Protestant church. Once a month, the Frauenkirche offers English language services. The Frauenkirche is regarded as the symbol of protestant church construction. Numerous concerts are held here throughout the year and it is frequently the venue for the Dresden Festival. The evangelical concept of faith and church service has been translated here into architectural form. Since October 2005, there has been an exhibition on the history and reconstruction of the Frauenkirche at the Stadtmuseum (City Museum) in Dresden's Alten Landhaus. [12], Frauenkirche location within central Dresden, Learn how and when to remove this template message, The Reformation and its influence on church architecture, "The Original Pipe Organ of Gottfried Silbermann", "Frauenkirche Dresden one of the top tourist attractions", Hourly webcam pictures from the Neumarkt square, with the construction history in pictures, Homepage of the "Gesellschaft Historischer Neumarkt Dresden e.V." For the first time since the last war, the completed dome and its gilded cross grace Dresden's skyline as in centuries prior. An earlier church building was Catholic until it became Protestant during the Reformation. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. The outer shape as well as interior were renewed; in 2005 the reconstruction was officially finished with reinstallation of the organ. The Frauenkirche, Church of Our Lady, is a Lutheran church. [10] Daniel Kern of Strasbourg, Alsace, completed a 4,873 pipe organ for the structure in April 2005 and it was inaugurated in October of that year. In 1982, the ruins began to be the site of a peace movement combined with peaceful protests against the East German regime. The altar, a relief depiction of Jesus' Agony in the Garden of Gethsemane on the Mount of Olives by Johann Christian Feige, was only partially damaged during the bombing raid and fire that destroyed the church. Rebuilding the church cost €180 million. Once a month, an Anglican Evensong is held in English, by clergy from St. George's Anglican Church, Berlin. About:- The Dresden Frauenkirche is a Lutheran church in Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony. It has so many stories to tell and tries to encourage people – day by day. In 1989, a 14-member group of enthusiasts headed by Ludwig Güttler, a noted Dresden musician, formed a Citizens' Initiative. An earlier church building was Roman Catholic until it became Protestant during the Reformation, and was replaced in the 18th century by a larger Baroque Lutheran building. 5 The Frauenkirche Dresden Germany (reconstructed 1993-2005) View of the alter from the 4th gallery. Builders decided not to reproduce the 1736 Gottfried Silbermann organ, despite the fact that the original design papers, description, and details exist, giving rise to the Dresden organ dispute ("Dresdner Orgelstreit"). stock photo... Europe, Germany, Saxony, Altar, Architectural Dome Interior of the Frauenkirche church (Church of Our Lady) in Dresden, Germany. It is not as old as it looks though. The church withstood two days and nights of the attacks, and the eight interior sandstone pillars supporting the large dome held up long enough for the evacuation of 300 people who had sought shelter in the church crypt, before succumbing to the heat generated by some 650,000 incendiary bombs that were dropped on the city. Features of most of the figures were lopped off by falling debris and the fragments lay under the rubble. or slightly smaller. One of the most impressive buildings in Dresden is The Church of our Lady, the Dresden Frauenkirche.Built in the 18 th century, the ruins of the church were initially left as a war memorial. A Igreja de Nossa Senhora (em alemão: Frauenkirche) é uma igreja luterana em Dresden, na Alemanha.Muitas outras igrejas na Europa, tanto católicas quanto protestantes, também possuem o nome de Frauenkirche.. A igreja Frauenkirche foi destruída por bombardeios aliados durante a segunda guerra mundial e reconstruída como um símbolo da reconciliação entre os inimigos de guerra. While the general population of the city was Protestant its rulers were Catholic. The church was commissioned by Augustus III, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland while the Protestant city of Dresden built the Frauenkirche (Church of Our Lady) between 1726 and 1743. Interior following the reconstruction. Europe > Germany > Dresden > Frauenkirche. Most of Dresden's population lives in the Elbe Valley, but a large, albeit very sparsely populated area of the city east of the E Martin Luther memorial near Frauenkirche Dresden. The Hofkirche stands as one of Dresden's foremost landmarks. +49 (0)351-656 06 100stiftung@frauenkirche-dresden.de. The interior is like an opera house, complete with circle, galleries and boxes. 1944. The altar is impressive With big organ pipes at the top and the ceiling is beautifully painted too. In 2009, US President Barack Obama visited the church after a meeting with German Chancellor Angela Merkel in the Grünes Gewölbe. The Kern work contains 68 stops and a fourth swell manual in the symphonic 19th century style which is apt for the organ literature composed after the baroque period. About:- The Dresden Frauenkirche is a Lutheran church in Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony. Photo about Frauenkirche cathedral interior in Dresden, Germany. In its current form with its sober scratch coat interior, it was re-opened in 1955. However, all concerts and lectures have been canceled. On 9 November 1989, the Berlin Wall "fell" and the inner German border dividing East and West Germany toppled. The beautiful architecture, its imposing dome, the charming interior - it will simply take your breath away. Check the website for the current schedule or stop by the Frauenkirche Visitors Centre, which screens a documentary about the church's history. See more ideas about austria, landlocked country, beautiful places. The cupola can be climbed, and the galleried interior is a wonderful place for concerts, meditations and services. During the World War II after bombing of Dresden Frauenkirche collapsed and its ruins were announced a memorial. [9] The external structure of the Frauenkirche was completed. 20 photographic prints ; 24 x 18 cm. Experience the fruits of postwar reconstruction at Frauenkirche Dresden. Even though Saxony's Prince-elector, Frederick August I, had converted to Catholicism to become King of Poland, he supported the construction which not only gave an impressive cupola to the Dresden townscape but also reassured the Saxonians that their ruler was not going to force the principle cuius regio, eius religio upon them. The interior of the Dresden Frauenkirche is very different from what I know of other churches. As the older stones are covered with a darker patina, due to fire damage and weathering, the difference between old and new stones will be clearly visible for many years after reconstruction. Official rebuilding started only in 1994. Its dome was 315 feet high. The exterior was completed ahead of schedule in 2004 and the painted interior in 2005. Because of the continuing decay of the ruins, Dresden decided in 1985 to rebuild the Frauen… Weitere Ideen zu dresden, zeitreise, zwinger dresden. See more ideas about dresden, germany, dresden germany. The Frauenkirche is often called a cathedral, but it is not the seat of a bishop; the church of the Landesbischof of the Evangelical-Lutheran Church of Saxony is the Church of the Cross. (Society for the rebuilding of the Historical Neumarkt Dresden), Frauenkirche organ (article in Pipe Organ Taxonomy project), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dresden_Frauenkirche&oldid=1000920691, Buildings and structures in Germany destroyed during World War II, Lutheran churches converted from Roman Catholicism, Rebuilt buildings and structures in Dresden, 18th-century Lutheran churches in Germany, Infobox religious building with unknown affiliation, Articles needing additional references from July 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 10:57. That results in a great contrast of the colors to the golden altarpiece and organ. Besides the Frauenkirche, almost all tourists also visit the Semper Opera House, one of the most famous and beautiful operas in Europe. Intentions to rebuild the church began during the last months of World War II. It is the work of sculptor Adolf von Donndorf from 1885. Restaurants near Frauenkirche Dresden: (0.03 km) Steakhouse Ontario (0.03 km) Bistro Ecke Frauenkirche (0.04 km) Baeckerei Emil Reimann Eiscafe im Q3 (0.04 km) Coselpalais Restaurant & Grand Cafe (0.04 km) Edelweiss Alpenrestaurant; View all restaurants near Frauenkirche Dresden on … 1 The Frauenkirche Dresden Germany (July 15, 2009) Following the reunification of Germany, the Frauenkirche was reconstructed (45% is its original stone). The Hofkirche stands as one of Dresden's foremost landmarks. ", Stiftung Frauenkirche Dresden Georg-Treu-Platz 301067 Dresden, Tel. From that group emerged a year later The Society to Promote the Reconstruction of the Church of Our Lady, which began an aggressive private fund-raising campaign. Frauenkirche este o biserică evanghelică-luterană, clădită în stil baroc, situată în piața Neumarkt din Dresda.Edificiul ilustrează în mod exemplar stilul baroc din Europa.Biserica a fost ridicată între anii 1726 - 1743, în perioada în care Dresda era reședința principelui elector de Saxonia. The church was reconsecrated with a festive service one day before Reformation Day. In 1994, he became the founder and president of the nonprofit "Friends of Dresden, Inc.", a United States organization dedicated to supporting the reconstruction, restoration, and preservation of Dresden's artistic and architectural legacy. The outer shape as well as interior were renewed; in 2005 the reconstruction was officially finished with reinstallation of the organ. Woodworking has been part of the traditional craft of the Ore Mountains for centuries. However, the meticulous restoration started in 1994 and was eventually completed in 2005. 1944. The Frauenkirche Dresden, Church of Our Lady, welcomes all guests who wish to enjoy the beauty of the building and who would like to receive the message of the church. Interior of the Frauenkirche church (Church of Our Lady) in Dresden, Germany. Again Jesus said, "Peace be with you! There are two devotional services every day and two liturgies every Sunday. ... Frauenkirche, Dresden, Saxony, Germany. Today, the Frauenkirche can hold 1,800 people in the light-flooded interior, with a glowing painted ceiling applied in the same techniques of old. The evangelical concept of faith and church service has been translated here into architectural form. The old church was replaced in the 18th century by a larger Baroque Lutheran building. Built in the 18 th century, the ruins of the church were initially left as a war memorial. | Black and white photographs show exterior views of buildings and architectural details of buildings in Dresden, Germany, ca. The church was reconsecrated on 30 October 2005 with festive services lasting through the Protestant observance of Reformation Day on 31 October. As a result, he said, the socialist monument to the bombing was, in essence, dispersed throughout the fabric of the building. A heap of rubble was all that was left of one of Dresden's most beautiful buildings at the end of WWII. The temperature surrounding and inside the church eventually reached 1,000 °C (1,830 °F). The interior and overall design aren't in my top ten but the story behind, literally, every stone, is one Popular sentiment discouraged the authorities from clearing the ruins away to make a car park. Zwinger. The church's most distinctive feature was its unconventional high dome, 96 metres (315 ft) high, called die Steinerne Glocke or "Stone Bell". Frauenkirche cathedral towers over Marienhof park in Munich, Ger Night view of the city with Royal palace and Frauenkirche cathedral buildings and Elbe river in Dresden, Germany. The Zwinger comprises a number of buildings that together represent a Gesamptkunstwerk, roughly a ‘complete work of art’.Largely rebuilt after the war, this is an almighty baroque jewel in Dresden’s considerable architectural crown that includes the Old Masters Gallery, Porcelain Collection and the Mathematics-Physics Salon.. Zwinger, Sophienstraße, Dresden, Germany … However, due to political circumstances in the German Democratic Republic, the reconstruction was put on hold. [11] The project has inspired other revitalization projects throughout Europe, including the Dom-Römer Project in Frankfurt, the City Palace of Potsdam, and the City Palace, Berlin. The Dresden Frauenkirche (German: Dresdner Frauenkirche, IPA: [ˈfʁaʊənˌkɪʁçə], Church of Our Lady) is a Lutheran church in Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony. Opportunities for worship are plentiful as services and devotions are held regularly. High quality Frauenkirche gifts and merchandise. [1] The dome finally collapsed at 10 a.m. on 15 February. Photo courtesy Prof. Wolfram Jaeger. | Black and white photographs show exterior views of buildings and architectural details of buildings in Dresden, Germany, ca. The Dresden Frauenkirche is a Lutheran church in Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony. The largest city on the River Elbe after Hamburg. During the last months of World War II, residents expressed the desire to rebuild the church. The interior has seats on many floors, the upper floors reminded me of the stalls at a concert hall like The Albert Hall. INSET BELOW: The old Frauenkirche, the new dome's interior, the statue of Martin Luther in front of the church, and another view of the dome. Canvas from $67.49 $134.99. While the general population of the city was Protestant its rulers were Catholic. This is definitely the trademark sight of Dresden. Especially the great interior of the opera house is world-famous. Built in the 18th century, the church was destroyed in the bombing of Dresden during World War II. The builders relied on thousands of old photographs, memories of worshippers and church officials, and crumbling old purchase orders detailing the quality of the mortar or pigments of the paint (as in the 18th century, copious quantities of eggs were used to make the color that provides the interior with its almost luminescent glow). In February 2000, the cross was ceremonially handed over by The Duke of Kent,[1] to be placed on the top of the dome a few days after the 60th commemoration of D-Day on 22 June 2004. The interior of the Dresden Frauenkirche is very different from what I know of other churches. The projectiles bounced off and the church survived. For more than 200 years, the bell-shaped dome stood over the skyline of old Dresden, dominating the city. Dresden Frauenkirche The Dresden Frauenkirche is a Lutheran church in Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony. Restaurants near Frauenkirche Dresden: (0.03 km) Steakhouse Ontario (0.03 km) Bistro Ecke Frauenkirche (0.04 km) Baeckerei Emil Reimann Eiscafe im Q3 (0.04 km) Coselpalais Restaurant & Grand Cafe (0.04 km) Edelweiss Alpenrestaurant; View all restaurants near Frauenkirche Dresden on … It is considered an outstanding example of Protestant sacred architecture, featuring one of the largest domes in Europe. Dom of Frauenkirche in Dresden. When it came time to duplicate the oak doors of the entrance, the builders had only vague descriptions of the detailed carving. It is not as old as it looks though. The VR drew donations large and small, helping to make the project possible. The Church of our Lady (Dresden Frauenkirche) One of the most impressive buildings in Dresden is The Church of our Lady, the Dresden Frauenkirche. The approximate original position of each stone could be determined from its position in the heap. Burials include Heinrich Schütz and George Bähr. THESE REGULATIONS APPLY. The heap of rubble was documented and carried off stone by stone. The church was commissioned by Augustus III, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland while the Protestant city of Dresden built the Frauenkirche (Church of Our Lady) between 1726 and 1743. An earlier church building was Catholic until it became Protestant during the Reformation. And search more of the web's best library of celebrity photos and news images from iStock. The new gilded orb and cross on top of the dome was forged by Grant Macdonald Silversmiths in London using the original 18th-century techniques as much as possible. The church was rebuilt after the reunification of Germany, starting in 1994. The Frauenkirche or The Church of Our Lady was constructed between 1726 and 1743. The Dresden Frauenkirche is a Lutheran church right in the centre of Dresden that is dominant on the city skyline. The reconstruction of its exterior was completed in 2004, and the interior in 2005. It now also serves as a symbol of reconciliation between former warring enemies. The scale of the project was so vast that it was initially thought to be an impossible task. Witnesses in 1760 said that the dome had been hit by more than 100 cannonballs fired by the Prussian army led by Friedrich II during the Seven Years' War. Candle arch Frauenkirche Dresden natural interior lighting. By 1989, the number of protesters in Dresden, Leipzig, and other parts of East Germany had increased to tens of thousands. The altar and the structure behind it, the chancel, were among the remnants left standing. The heap of ruins was conserved as a war memorial within the inner city of Dresden, as a direct counterpart to the ruins of Coventry Cathedral, which was destroyed by German bombing in 1940 and also serves as a war memorial in the United Kingdom. Usually (but not always) on the third Sunday of a month an Anglican evening prayer is held at 6 p.m. Everyone is welcome to come along. A string of German auxiliary groups were formed, and three promotional organisations were created abroad. Two thousand pieces of the original altar were cleaned and incorporated into the new structure. It was originally built as a sign of the will of the citizens of Dresden to remain Protestant after their ruler had converted to Catholicism. The ruins were left untouched for over 40 years as a reminder of the destructive powers of war. Dec 15, 2017 - Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a federal republic and a landlocked country in Central Europe. A computer imaging program that could move the stones three-dimensionally around the screen in various configurations was used to help architects find where the original stones sat and how they fit together.[7]. From: Dresden, Germany ABOVE: Dresden's reconstructed Frauenkirche is on the Neumarkt, a large cobblestoned square in the Altstadt. 14.01.2021 - Entdecke die Pinnwand „Dresden“ von Marianne Gram Hansen. Although destroyed by Allied bombing in World War II, the rebuilt church recreates the original structure's imposing 18th-century Baroque architecture. A very special attraction of the Frauenkirche is the ascent to the dome. Besides the Frauenkirche, almost all tourists also visit the Semper Opera House, one of the most famous and beautiful operas in Europe. As far as possible, the church – except for its dome – was rebuilt using original material and plans, with the help of modern technology. Interior of Frauenkirche (Church of Our Lady), Dresden, Saxony, Germany, Europe. Dresden's Frauenkirche, a symbol of the suffering of German civilians after its destruction in World War II bombing and now of reconciliation, was consecrated Sunday after painstaking restoration. Dresden Frauenkirche vertical interior panorama.jpg 2.921 × 4.870; 2,76 MB Dresden Frauenkirchenaltar.jpg 2.560 × 1.920; 2,75 MB Dresden Germany Interior-of-Frauenkirche … In the course of the reconstruction of the nearby Frauenkirche a debate arose over a restoration of the pre-war design, however, from 2000 to 2004, the interior was refurbished in its 1955 condition. It was designed by architect Gaetano Chiaveri from 1738 to 1751. Munich, Germany - June 28, 2019: Interior of Frauenkirche or Cathedral of Our Dear Lady in Munich. But that was not the end of the church whose history goes back a 1,000 years. Additional organizations include France's Association Frauenkirche Paris and Switzerland's Verein Schweizer Freunde der Frauenkirch. With a candle arch, you create a cozy atmosphere in your living room during Advent. Technical Details. A rubble-sorting ceremony started the event in January 1993 under the direction of church architect and engineer Eberhard Burger. Much lighter, very friendly and kept in pastel colors. The Dresden Frauenkirche is a Lutheran church right in the centre of Dresden that is dominant on the city skyline. The modern and authentic Steakhouse Alte Münze at Hilton Dresden is a paradise for beef lovers offering tender cuts of prime beef and a wide selection of sides. In 1722 George Baehr, municipal building contractor and architect of the city, started on plans for a new building to replace the small Gothic church, the oldest parish church in the city. An earlier church building was Roman Catholic until it became Protestant during the Reformation, and was replaced in the 18th century by a … The pillars glowed bright red and exploded; the outer walls shattered and nearly 6,000 tons of stone plunged to earth, penetrating the massive floor as it fell. Dr. Paul Oestreicher, a canon emeritus of Coventry Cathedral and a founder of the Dresden Trust, wrote: "The church is to Dresden what St. Paul's is to London". Find hotel near Frauenkirche. The dome ascent remains closed. . The interior has seats on many floors, the upper floors reminded me of the stalls at a concert hall like The Albert Hall. The organisation grew to over 5,000 members in Germany and 20 other countries. However, the meticulous restoration started in 1994 and was eventually completed in 2005. A place of faith and hope This opened the way to German reunification. Funds raised were turned over to the "Frauenkirche Foundation Dresden", with the reconstruction backed by the State of Saxony, the City of Dresden and the Evangelical-Lutheran Church of Saxony. Frauenkirche. The candle arch is made entirely of wood. The decor is mainly white and yellow and has many ornate features. An earlier church building was Roman Catholic until it became Protestant during the Reformation, and was replaced in the 18th century by a larger Baroque Lutheran building. Technical Details. Discover Dresden Frauenkirche in Dresden, Germany: This Dresden church was purposely rebuilt Protestant after being demolished in World War II. The old church was replaced in the 18th century by a larger Baroque Lutheran building. The remaining ruins were left for 50 years as a war memorial, following decisions of local East German leaders. Much lighter, very friendly and kept in pastel colors. Günter Blobel, a German-born American, saw the original Church of Our Lady as a boy when his refugee family took shelter in a town just outside Dresden days before the city was bombed. Europe > Germany > Dresden > Frauenkirche. Canvas from $67.49 $134.99. Aug 22, 2016 - Explore James Hawthorne's board "Dresden Frauenkirche" on Pinterest. The old church was replaced in the 18th century by a larger Baroque Lutheran building. Every usable piece was measured and catalogued. In the process of the reconstruction of the Frauenkirche, many architects, engineers and artists gathered a lifetime of experience. On the anniversary of the bombing, 400 citizens of Dresden came to the ruins in silence with flowers and candles, part of a growing East German civil rights movement. Product #: gm1062693500 $ 12.00 iStock In stock Dresdner Bank financed more than half of the reconstruction costs via a "donor certificates campaign", collecting almost €70 million after 1995. Open church times allow for silent prayers. Martin Luther memorial statue near Frauenkirche in Dresden Germany. It was surrounded by barricades, and fighting lasted for days before those rebels who had not already fled were rounded up in the church and arrested. Gesellschaft zur Förderung des Wiederaufbaus, Livestream der Mitgliederversammlung 2020. [6] The intensive efforts to rebuild this world-famous landmark were completed in 2005, one year earlier than originally planned, and in time for the 800-year anniversary of the city of Dresden in 2006.[6]. Media in category "Interior of the Frauenkirche, Dresden" The following 200 files are in this category, out of 292 total. In 1736, famed organ maker Gottfried Silbermann built a three-manual, 43-stop instrument for the church. From: Dresden, Germany ABOVE: Dresden's reconstructed Frauenkirche is on the Neumarkt, a large cobblestoned square in the Altstadt. In the first three years, seven million people have visited the church as tourists and to attend worship services. The brave idea of a centralised church room integrated into an octagonal outline underneath a tremendous stone dome goes back to Geore Bähr, the first architect of its kind, who translated Luther's convictions into stone. Dresden wall art for home and office decor. Experience the fruits of postwar reconstruction at Frauenkirche Dresden. Especially the great interior of … Camera: Canon EOS 500D Lens: Canon EF-S 10-22mm @ 17mm In Britain, the Dresden Trust has Prince Edward, Duke of Kent as its royal patron and the Bishop of Coventry among its curators. The director of the choir is known as the Kreuzkantor. The beautiful architecture, its imposing dome, the charming interior - it will simply take your breath away. The largest city on the River Elbe after Hamburg. The rebuilt church is a monument reminding people of its history and a symbol of hope and reconciliation. The new golden tower cross was funded officially by "the British people and the House of Windsor". Despite initial doubts, the dome proved to be extremely stable. Contribute/Review Ask a Question. The cupola can be climbed, and the galleried interior is a wonderful place for concerts, meditations and services. The cross that once topped the dome, now twisted and charred, stands to the right of the new altar. In the course of the reconstruction of the nearby Frauenkirche a debate arose over a restoration of the pre-war design, however, from 2000 to 2004, the interior was refurbished in its 1955 condition. The Frauenkirche is regarded as the symbol of protestant church construction. Official rebuilding started only in 1994. The bank itself contributed more than seven million Euros, including more than one million donated by its employees. A bronze statue of reformer and theologian Martin Luther, which survived the bombings, has been restored and again stands in front of the church. The Dresden Frauenkirche, the Church of Our Lady, has a moving history: In World War II, when air-raids wiped out the city center of Dresden, the grand Frauenkirche collapsed into a 42 feet high pile of rubble. 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